How to care for a domestic rat


Rats are cuddly, friendly and intelligent pets. They are reasonably easy to keep healthy, then becoming an ideal pet for young families.

Rats have only gained popularity as pets in the last hundred years or so. These wonderful little creatures are reasonably easy to keep healthy, which makes them a good pet for a young family. They remain a great responsibility, of course. Like any pet, they depend on their human caregivers for everything: food, shelter, heat, medical care and entertainment.

Take care of your diet!

This is fundamentalIf you have this pet, the first thing you should know about caring for a rat is that it can't eat anything. It is a mistake that many people make, as they are rats, they believe that everything goes. Do not!

If you want your pet rat to be healthy (which will also impact your own health) and live a long time, It is important that you pay attention to your diet. They are omnivorous, but this does not mean that it suits them to eat from garbage, for example.

The digestion of rats is very short, so they eat many times a day, but very little. So, let him have food at your fingertips at all times, to Eat whenever you want. But little amount! If not, it will be primed. It is best to resort to special feed for these rodents, since they have the Vegetables, fiber, protein and cereals they need.

If you can't find food for rats, choose one for hamsters With lots of seeds and little fat. You will have to complement it with fresh vegetables and fruits and some protein. But not too much! Too much protein causes obesity in rats very frequently.


Your basic case for your rats is probably a cage or an aquarium tank. Wire cages with solid floors are the best. For adult rats, a cage designed for a ferret or a guinea pig will be the right size. Of course, guinea pig cages will only work if the top is locked, and not all of them are. Unlike guinea pigs, rats can climb very well. Remember: rats are smart. You will be surprised at what they can escape. If you choose a fish tank, make sure that the screen cover adheres firmly. Also, be sure to clean it completely a few times a week. Glass tanks do not have good ventilation, and the accumulation of ammonia from the rat's urine will make the tank an unhealthy place in just a few days.

The bedding materials you choose for your rats can make the difference between a long and healthy life for your pets and a short and sickly one. It is so important. Avoid any bedding made of soft wood. Cedar shavings, spruce shavings and pine shavings are bad. Birch is bad, too. (Odynets et al, 1991) Never, never use them in your pet's enclosures. Instead, choose cat litters based on paper, shredded paper, paper towels, non-piled corn sand, or aspen shavings if you should use wood. Litters that accumulate should be avoided for the same reason they should not be used for kittens: garbage is sometimes swallowed and sand accumulates in the stomach.

Rats need to explore. Inside the cage, give your little boxes and tubes to climb and parrot stairs to climb. In fact, the parrot section of your local pet store probably has a wide variety of fun toys and riddles for your rats. Ferret toys are also good.

Some rats enjoy an exercise wheel and others do not. If you decide to buy one for your pet, make sure it is large. Most of them are too small for rats. If you need to bend your back, it is too small. If it is made of wire, it is not safe because the feet and tails will be trapped in the spaces. There are some solid plastic wheels suitable for rats.

Socialization and mating of rats

The rats they are social beings, so they need to live in company. The human is fine, but if you are going to give her other friends of the same species, it is better that they are of the same sex, if not, they will reproduce uncontrollably! We do not recommend that you raise your rats, since then you will not know what to do with their babies. Be responsible and avoid abandoning animals!

Do not worry about the clashes. Other animal species, such as hamsters, have more marked territorial instincts and altercations may arise when two or more animals of the same sex share a space. But Rats, on the other hand, are more sociable and live comfortably in the company of others. They even mimic themselves and play together! Sometimes they take care of their litters in a group.

Another fundamental aspect of how to care for a rat is choose and adapt your cage well. It is the place where you will live! Therefore, you have to know well what is best for you.

It doesn't have to be very big, since they are tiny. But it will need you to supply it with entertainment: toys and accessories for running, jumping ... You can put tunnels, stairs, ropes, different floors ... To prevent these small rodents from ending everything, put a mineral to wear your teeth well. If not, he will use the wood or plastic of his toys!

In addition, of course, you will need a feeder and drinker, in addition to a nest where you can relax and take refuge whenever you want.

Contrary to what many believe, the rats are really clean animals. They groom themselves every day. Therefore, it is not necessary to bathe them very frequently, only at certain times when they are very dirty, for this, use a small container where you can't drown, warm water and neutral soap.

The cage must be cleaned, yes, more frequently. Each day, you must remove the remains of food, waste and feces from the bed. Once a week, do deeper sanitation to disinfect everything, Bars included!

Advice: Bottom cleaning will be much easier if you always cover it with newspaper.


Your rats should have fresh, clean water available all the time. The usual sip bottles sold for rodents are perfect. However, have an extra on hand in case your rat gnaws the plastic.

As a rodent, your rats have incisive teeth that grow continuously. These little boys need something to chew, to wear their teeth. Chewable toys designed for parrots are good for this. So are the "Milk-bone" type of dog biscuits that are designed to clean the dog's teeth. Some rats such as dog biscuits, such as those made from pork ears and veal bones.

For real meals for your rats, your safest bet is to use a laboratory rat food block and a bowl of grain mix as the basis of your rodent's diet. Add pieces of fresh fruit, raw or cooked vegetables, pieces of leftover meat from your own meals, breakfast cereal, tablespoons of hummus and yogurt, pieces of cheese, and more. If it is a healthy snack for you, it is probably a healthy snack for your rat. The one to look at is peanut butter. Or mix it with butter to make it less sticky or spread it finely over something else. Otherwise, the little one could drown (the same applies to birds in the backyard, by the way). (Simpson, 1998) There is probably no rat on the face of the planet that will reject a piece of peanut butter cookie.

Your rat will remain very clean, as long as it is healthy and while your home is clean. Obviously, if your bedding is full of sweets and poop for a week, you cannot maintain your personal hygiene!

If you get sick (or if you get into something sticky or dangerous while you are out of your cage), you may need help. Choose a warm room without drafts. Add a few drops of baby shampoo or pet shampoo to a bowl of warm water. To warm. Not hot. Test it against the inside of your wrist, as if you were testing the temperature of a baby's formula. Try a sponge bath first with a cloth soaked in soapy water. If that is not enough, you will have to bathe it carefully. Be prepared to panic. Keep your head out of the water. If you need cleaning, adhere it to the sponge with the damp towel. Dry it carefully, and offer some treats. (Grant, 2005)

Rats Health

The risk of cancer in rats is quite high. Not all happens, but the percentage of rats that develop tumors is high, so If you have a pet rat you should keep in mind that it is very likely to occur.

Remember! Even the smallest pet is a big responsibilityHaving a pet is a commitment of love and care that should last until the end of the animal's life. Don't have a rat if you're not sure you can or want to take care of it!


Pet rats are quite comfortable in most homes. They are excellent pets for families with children, and are relatively easy to care for. However, if you live in a rental accommodation, check with the building owner. Some owners harbor some rare beliefs about pet rats, and it is better to avoid a conflict before it happens.

It's the same with all the small pets that will be handled: be sure to approach your pet carefully. He needs time to learn that you are not going to hurt him. Most safe and happy rats enjoy being hugged and hugged, as long as they know you won't drop them or squeeze or damage them. For example, never lift your rat by the tail. That causes pain and can cause permanent injury to the animal.

Trash training is a good idea, especially if your rats are going to be roaming freely at home sometimes. You can make the happiest rats in your cage.

Somehow, you could think of your pet rat as a hyperintelligent puppy. Rats like to learn and need to explore. Consider building small obstacle courses and even training your rat with a clicker to ride a miniature skateboard. Look for online parrot trick accessories, skateboards and the like. Keep the sessions short, as in ten minutes or less. Rats will have more fun that way, and learn more.

Pet rats are wonderful little animals. Are they good for you? If so, the next step is to establish a rat cage and find a local exotic veterinarian who handles rodents. Join some of the online forums that are dedicated to pet rats, and you will get the advice of people who have kept rats for years. Then you will be ready to bring some delicious rat friends to your home.

Rats without hair Lifespan

Q. Do hairless mice have a shorter life than hairy rats?

A. No. Hairless mice have the same length as hairy rats (approx. 3 years, occasionally, five years). However, they are more vulnerable to air currents, and air currents make all rats more prone to disease.

the differences between the food needs of rats and hairless hairless mice

For most hairless rats they have the same nutritional needs as a hairy rat. However, did you know that hairless mice need a little more protein than a hairy rat? Yes. Up to 2% more.

Too much protein in a mouse's diet can cause a myriad of problems. That said, hairless mice, of course, have no hair. As their bodies try to keep warm they burn more calories, calories from the particular protein, that of a hairy rat. A rat without hair and without enough protein too easily lose weight.

In addition, the skin of a hairless mouse, without skin protection, dries much faster than that of a hairy rat. Your skin will benefit from the addition of flaxseed oil or seed oil. It is recommended to feed them or flaxseed oils separately from hairy rats, however, as the oils make the furry rat extra skin "a little" fatter - and smelly!

Healing dry skin of a hairless rat

Dry skin prevention

The skin of a hairless mouse, without skin protection, dries much faster than that of a hairy rat. To help keep the skin hydrated and soft, as it should appear, massage the skin with olive oil for 5-10 minutes (until the skin is more oily) twice a week, more often if necessary.

You can also put a little "olive oil or flaxseed in your food or food dish as a gift every day.

Aspen wooden bedding can cause mild skin dryness too. If the drought continues to end its use.

A mist warming humidifier helps delicate skinless mice 'retain moisture, even without air cooling.

SPECIAL NOTE: Never use anything on your mouse that you do not eat, because that is exactly what I intend to do as soon as you are out of sight. Olive oil, for this reason, is a great option. Do not use lotions or creams for commercial hands.

Recurring healing skin or Very Dry

If the dry skin of your hairless mouse continues or if you develop severely dry skin:

Dip a small piece of whole wheat bread with olive oil and give it as a daily treatment until the dry skin cleanses. I have read many success stories of bread soaked in very dry skin care oil in about two weeks. My rat's skin greatly improved significantly in the two days.

Hairless ratties have allergies Too much

Hairless rats are bred to have a hairless one, but they are also bred, by the way, prone to allergies, especially for certain types of bedding. If you notice sneezing, scratching, watery eyes, dry skin, and / or a raised skin rash, your mouse is likely to suffer from allergies. Try a new type of bedding and see if the symptoms disappear in 24 hours or less. Since allergies are different in each rat you may need to experiment with four or more types of bedding, buy in small quantities until you find the right one.

After trying three other types of bedding I finally discovered that my hairless, Ratticus, did well with yesterday's news that I found myself in the cat. Today's brand news also makes a "Litter Ferret" and "Small Bed Animals." These were not available in my pet store, but I suppose it is more or less as a brand for cats, and I found its use satisfactory. Unfortunately, yesterday's news does not seem to me like the absorbent Carefresh odor or other settings that I have used, but hairless mice require attention - in this case the changes to the most frequent residues.

If your veterinarian decides that it is useful, for example, in the case of severe scratching, your veterinarian may prescribe a topical antihistamine spray. What we know well is spritzed mice 2-3 times a day for a maximum of two weeks (or more, as needed). These antihistamines act only as a bandage, however, so it is still important to find the root of your little ratie's allergies.

Photo by | Alexey Krasavin | Flickr

keep warm!

Hairy rats have a good warm, fur coat. A hairless mice, however, is like a naked man, without a coat to keep them warm. Keep the temperature above 70 degrees Fahrenheit and away from fans, vents and leaking windows. Your house in the same cage as hairy mice, when possible, in order to have a furry companion to pamper and keep warm. Would you do it a favor to warm your hands before playing with them, too. No one likes cold hands on the skin when it is not too hot.

Follow-up (0) Rat Care - share your tips and care for hairy rat hair! 10 comments

GetSillyProduct 3 years ago

Keep the house mouse clean, swept at least once a week. Try teaching your mouse to use the bathroom in an area designated to move the shit there! My two rats realize this after a couple of weeks, not all rats take in it though.

Sylvestermouse 3 years ago from United States Level 6 comment

advice and suggestions! I really liked the suggestion of your home with four-legged friends so they could hug friends

SusannaDuffy 3 years ago from Melbourne Australia Level 4 comment

Oh, if I ever wanted to have a pet's hairless rat I'd like to know where to learn how to

TravelingRae 3 years ago

These rats are too cute!

darciefrench lm 3 years ago

My Biscuit rat has hair, these hairless rats are too cute. I love your senses to take care of them. So much love is in your goals, you can tell how much you care for your pets. Beautiful to see.

Dear Kay 11 2 years ago Level 4 comment

I had a pet rat many years ago. I've had it for three years before his death and it's almost broke my heart. Maybe I'm a little strange, "but I think these little creatures are absolutely adorable! If my husband didn't have such a dislike of rodents, I'd like to get one in a flash! Great lens!

JessyGene 2 years ago

I love rats! And I think that hairless mice are very cute, but my boyfriend is not so I never had one. But we hope that one day I will be able to convince him.

anonymous 2 years ago

I love rats and I have one, thanks for the information.

glutenallergy 2 years ago

Honestly, I don't know there are hairless mice. It makes sense, since there are hairless cats. They are damn cute!

Tina McCain 7 weeks ago

I had my first litter of baby rats born October 23, 2014. He was 13 years old of which 3 were hairless 2 boys 1 girl one of the little fingers is my pet now, my best friend has the girl, the other guy for Sale. Thanks for the information, which will be very useful. Thanks again.

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