Otitis in dogs, antibiotic and home treatment


Dogs are known for their friendly and dedicated nature. In return, they should receive attention and care. If you own a dog, you may know that one of the most common problems affecting these pets is ear infection. If your pet is agitated for no apparent reason, scratches behind the ear or shakes its head persistently, it may be that it has an infection in one or both ears.

The infection can be of 3 types: Inner ear infection, middle ear infection and external ear infection. Compared to the infection of the inner and middle ear, an infection of the outer ear (which is usually accompanied by earwax with bad smell and inflammation) is easier to cure if you use home remedies. In case of infection of the middle and inner ear, it is best to consult a veterinarian.

Some of the main reasons that lead to this condition in dogs are inadequate hygiene, fungal growth, bacterial infections, unhealthy environment, food allergies and mite infestation. To help your dog overcome this problem, here are some easy home remedies that you can use.

Home remedies

  1. Garlic Macerated. In case of mild infection, this remedy can be used. Place 2 cloves of garlic crushed in olive oil and let them stand for 2 weeks. Then, strain the oil and pour 2 or 3 drops into your pet's ear. Perform this procedure daily until the infection is cured.
  2. Warm compress Use warm compresses to cure external ear infection. This remedy effectively treats the associated symptoms such as redness, pain, inflammation and irritation of the ear. Soak a towel in hot water and remove excess water. Then, hold the towel and gently press it on your dog's ear. Use this remedy several times a day for best results.
  3. Apple vinager. Add 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar to a cup of water and give it to your dog at least 2 times a week. You can also clean your dog's ears with this solution. Apple cider vinegar does not allow ear infection to get worse. Alternatively, you can mix equal amounts of water, hydrogen peroxide and apple cider vinegar. Place this solution in your pet's ear and then rub the base of the ear. When you have done the massage, you can use a cotton ball to clean the ear. This will prevent the growth of fungi or bacteria.
  4. Vitamin E oil or cod liver oil. Use cod liver oil or vitamin E oil to eliminate infection in the dog's inner and middle ear. Open a capsule of vitamin E oil and pour the contents into your dog's ear. You can also put 1 or 2 drops of cod liver oil in the affected ear.
  5. Margosa oil The antimicrobial properties of margosa are commonly used to cure ear infection in a dog. You can prepare an herbal ear cleaner by mixing ½ teaspoon of eucalyptus oil, 1 teaspoon of tea tree oil, ½ oz of olive oil and 1 oz of margosa oil. Place 10 or 20 drops of this ear cleaner on your dog's affected ear with a dropper. Massage the base of the ear gently to spread the oil. This remedy soothes inflammation and provides relief.
  6. Witch Hazel. Combine equal amounts of organic apple cider vinegar and witch hazel. Pour a few drops of this solution into your dog's ear with a dropper. This remedy will lessen the discomfort your pet is experiencing.
  7. Aloe Vera gel Heat some aloe vera gel and then pour 1 teaspoon into each ear of your dog. This will help cure redness or irritation of the ear.
  8. Almond oil. Heat some almond oil and then pour ½ teaspoon of this oil into each ear of your pet. This remedy is very useful to loosen the earwax and dirt, thus reducing the risk of infection.
  9. White vinegar. Mix water with vinegar. The amount of vinegar in the mixture should be sufficient to dry the excess water, otherwise, the excess water will cause irritation. When you pour the mixture into your dog's ear, make sure that (the mixture) is at room temperature, since if the mixture cools it will cause more pain.
  10. Probiotic Yogurt Apply a small amount of organic probiotic yogurt (must have active strains of probiotic bacteria) in your dog's ear and rub it well. This is the best natural remedy to prevent fungal infections.
  11. Gordolobo The gordolobo extract is obtained from the branches and leaves of the gordolobo plant. This remedy is used to relieve inflammation of the ear and is very effective in the treatment of certain types of ear infection. Mix garlic oil and fat oil and place a few drops in your pet's ear 1 or 2 times a day.
  12. Bow stick. Combine equal amounts of mineral oil and bow stick. Then, massage your dog's ear with this oil twice or three times a day. This plant acts as an antibiotic and kills the bacteria and fungi that cause infections.
  13. Herbal Flea Powder. Mites or fleas may also be responsible for infections in dogs' ears. After a bath, sprinkle your dog's body with flea herbal powder that contains pennyroyal, eucalyptus, rue, wormwood and rosemary powder. In this way you will eliminate the mites that cling to your dog by providing relief from symptoms related to ear infection.

Things you can do

  • Before using any home remedy, wash the infected ear with warm water to remove the irritating agents you may have. Then, dry your ears properly.
  • Maintain good hygiene.
  • Wash your dog frequently to reduce the risk of ear infection.
  • Check your dog's ears frequently to see if you have twigs, leaves or any other foreign object.
  • So that your dog can have good hearing health and a good immune system, give him vitamin C.
  • Cut all the hair that grows in your dog's ear canal as it hinders the flow of air in the ear and increases the risk of infection.

Otitis in dogs, what is it

It consists of inflammation of the ear of canid, causing symptoms in the form of discomfort and discomfort. Canine otitis is usually due to an infection of the animal's ear canal, inferred by other causes or external agents, such as bacteria, foreign bodies, manipulation, allergies, etc.). Currently veterinarians have diagnosed three types of otitis in dogs:

  • Otitis media or external.
  • Chronic or internal otitis.
  • Allergic otitis

All are important so it is important to go to the vet to treat it. Depending on its grade, it reproduces a greater symptomatic picture in pets. So we will explain them in order of importance and severity of their symptoms.

Otitis media in dogs

It is the most frequent, although it only affects the external ear canal of the animal, otitis media in dogs, also called “canine otitis externa”Forms an infection from the eardrum outward. However, it can extend to the eardrum, being one of the causes of otitis externa.

Canine Chronic Otitis

It affects the eardrum and the internal auditory canal, being more severe than the average. The chronic otitis in dogs or the so-called chronic canine otitis if it has not appeared as a result of external canine otitis, will be more difficult to detect.

It can affect the tympanic bulla and at vestibular organ, with the consequent risk of affecting the nervous system and the sense of balance of the dog.

In addition, internal canine otitis and its “chronic” shunt may spread to the meninges, causing meningitis.

Causes of canine otitis

There are different triggers and origins for this type of canine disease, being for the otitis in dogs its causes frequent:

  • Bacteria
  • Parasites
  • Mushrooms.
  • Yeasts
  • Allergies
  • Excessive scratching of the ears.
  • Ear manipulation and subsequent infection.

Poor hygiene of the dog's ears and the accumulation of dirt constitutes an environment that favors the proliferation of bacteria, being the most common cause of otitis in dogs, that is, that bacteria are the cause of most cases of canine and human otitis.

The parasites are also triggers of canine otitis but in this case, they appear for other reasons such as those indicated below.

Mites, and more specifically Otodectes cynotis, cause a type of parasite infection in dogs called canine sarcoptic mange. This, like the other types, affects the ear canal.

In addition to the irritation and intense itching that it produces (one of the symptoms is to see the dog scratch insistently), we can observe dark secretions that leave the ear and drip down the ear or get stuck in the form of spots on the cartilage of the animal.

Being caused by a parasite, the cause of this otitis is Otodectes cynotis, this type of infection is usually spread to other dogs, especially if you live with them. So yes, otitis in dogs is contagious, whether Cocker, German Shepherd, Labrados and any other.

Another cause of this type of hearing disease is fungi. When produced by this type of pathogen instead of the mites or bacteria indicated above it is called fungal otitis or by fungi.

The fungus that most frequently causes this pathology is Malassezia pachidermatis, a yeast that proliferates in some areas of the animal's skin and that, when it is close to the ear, its infection can cause otitis.

Its cause is a food allergy produced when the dog eats a food that feels bad. Your immune system produces a strong response.

Although many dog ​​foods do not cause it, certain foods can be the cause of canine otitis.

When this pathology appears, a discard diet must be carried out to know what type of food is the cause.

Symptoms of otitis in dogs, how to detect it

There are a number of signs and signs that can help you differentiate and diagnose if it really is an ear infection. The symptoms of canine otitis are quite evident when it is external, so it is much easier to detect than when it is internal.

The symptoms of otitis in dogs They are:

  • Frequent scratching of one or two ears.
  • Redness of the ear area.
  • Suppuration.
  • Apathy of the dog.
  • Fever.
  • Repetitive circular movements.
  • Eye movement to the side.

One or more of the symptoms of otiti may occur in dogs indicated, that is, depending on the level of infection, one or more discomforts will develop, including suppuration and fever.

It is common for the dog to scratch its ear every little time, shake its head and show discomfort in the ears.

At the same time, it is also very likely to notice redness and suppuration in the affected ear and even a bad smell. You can look very bright inside the dog's ear or help with a flashlight to see the inside of the ear cavity. But do not introduce any object, just look helping you with a powerful light or when there is a lot of sun.

For all types of dog otitis there is treatment, and it is very important to apply it correctly and on time (also in humans). The sooner the better. This avoids some of the consequences and irreparable damage to hearing, as well as preventing other symptoms and pathologies caused by scratching the animal with the leg in the ear. If you do not prevent scratching frequently, an otohematoma (internal bleeding) is quite likely, which will require surgery or otitis surgery.

But nevertheless, when otitis is internal, it can be a little more complicated to detect, since it is not so obvious to the naked eye. The dog will have apathy and may have a fever.

With internal canine otitis it is also common to see it move in circles, tilting the head (vestibular syndrome) and / or moving the eyes to the side (nystagmus). The latter are symptoms that the ear infection is affecting your sense of balance.

Otitis in dogs, treatment and cure

It is necessary to eliminate the bacteria, fungi, yeasts or the pathogen that causes the infection in the ear. For this, the treatment for otitis in dogs consists of cleaning and disinfection of the ear with antibiotics.

These should be administered for a minimum of 4 weeks.

After this time a new cytological test will be performed to determine if the infection has disappeared. Even so, treatment should continue for another week as a method of prevention.

In the chronic or internal otitis, surgical intervention may be necessary. This is only recommended in the most severe cases and when medications do not work.

When the eardrum is not damaged or injured, certain ointments or creams may be given. When applying them, we must be careful because if the eardrum breaks the animal could be deaf for life. Even suffer nervous problems.

We must not act on our own, but always have the advice and supervision of the veterinarian.

Are drops necessary for otitis?

In many cases it is recommended as they help to disinfect the affected area. By introducing the medicine in the form of Pharmacy drops otitis treatment, the medicinal substances penetrate to the interior, producing a healing much faster than without them.

The cleaning of the infected ear can be combined with the administration of the disinfectant drops treatment as well as medication in the form of oral pills.

Cheap and recommended medications

As we say, the prescription of medicines to cure canine otitis should always be done by the veterinarian. There are different types of drops and medicines to treat otitis in dogs:

  • Cleaning and disinfectant drops with antiseptic effect.
  • Vetnova Abelia Zinc-Otic.
  • Vetnova Malacetic (For cases of fungal otitis caused by Malassezia).
  • Fatro Vetramil auris (composed of honey-based drops for cases of otitis externa. They should not be administered in cases of perforation of the eardrum).
  • Pharmadiet Otinet (solution for the hygiene of the external auditory canal and the auricular pavilion).
  • Fatro Otodine (drops with antiseptic effect containing chlorhexidine and Tris-EDTA).

Other medications for dogs with otitis

If it is being caused by parasites, the veterinarian will prescribe an acaricide to us, and it is quite probable that we recommend the placement of an Elizabethan collar to prevent the dog from scratching and its ears coming into contact with infested areas.

Likewise, it is also common to prescribe oral and cream anti-inflammatories to reduce and relieve inflammation of the ear canal, for example Inflavet, in addition to an antibiotic to fight the infection.

Treatments and home remedies

  • Apple vinager.
  • Green Tea.
  • Olive and lavender oil

There are some home remedies for otitis in dogs We can use, after consultation with our veterinarian as we have indicated.

He Apple vinager you have to mix it well with warm water. Two equal parts or 50% of each of these ingredients so that the affected areas are not irritated. Once the solution is put in, you have to clean the ear with a new gauze, if possible single use.

He Green Tea you have to mix it like apple cider vinegar, but this time the infusion of green tea is the one that should be warm.

He virgin olive oil and mixed lavender essential oil is another excellent homemade formula to treat canine otitis. They mix at 50%. The mixture should be heated and then allowed to cool so that both oils emulsify well. It has anti-inflammatory and soothing properties.

Recommendations to prevent canine otitis

As always, the best cure is prevention. The hygiene of the ears is essential to prevent it, but also to prevent otitis in dogs follow these recommendations:

  • Cleaning should be done with clean gauze and sticks should never be used.
  • We should not bathe the dog when he has otitisWell, the infection can get worse.
  • Keep the animal free of parasites, as well as brushing and frequent washing, is also essential to prevent canine otitis.
  • Check your ears frequently, taking care that they are free of dirt, excess wax or foreign objects, especially after long walks or excursions.
  • Take care that you do not bathe or dive in stagnant areas and swamps, as well as in rivers or beaches that do not meet the minimum standards of health (the same ones required for the bathing of people).
  • Ensure that our dog does not enter through areas of dense vegetation (brambles, weeds, fenced or fenced areas, etc.)

Ear infection in dogs

First of all we must understand exactly what ear infection in dogs is, since initially it is possible that we believe that it is the same as otitis, however, they are two different terms.

Otitis is an inflammation of the ear and can have numerous causes such as allergies, presence of foreign bodies in the auditory cavity or viral, bacterial or fungal infections. When there is an ear infection, there is usually otitis, since colonization of the pathogen causes inflammation in the ear canal, however, otitis is not always caused by an infection, as we have seen previously.

If our dog suffers an ear infection this will usually be caused by bacteria, fungus or yeast And our dog will manifest this infection usually through the following symptoms:

  • He frequently shakes his head.
  • Excessive scratching in the ear area
  • Smelly discharge through the ear that can be confused with a strong body odor
  • Holor to "yeast" in the ear
  • Swelling in the ear area and redness
  • Loss>

What to do if my dog ​​has an ear infection?

If you think your dog may be affected by an ear infection it is very important that you go to the veterinarian as soon as possible, since the ear infection begins with a pathogenic colonization and inflammation of the external ear canal, but if it is not treated in time, it can affect the middle and inner ear, causing irreversible damage sLock the eardrum.

The veterinarian will take into account the patient's medical history, the symptoms he presents and will usually perform an otoscopy to assess the condition of the ear canal as well as the pathogen that is causing the infection.

Conventional veterinary treatment will be performed using antibiotics (in the case of a bacterial infection) or antifungals (in the case of a fungal infection), these medications are usually administered topically, but in severe cases they can also be administered orally, then increasing the chances of side effects.

Prevent ear infection in dogs

It is popularly said that prevention is better than cure and this is a very true statement, therefore, we must Take the following measures, which will help us prevent ear infection in our dog:

  • We must clean the dog's ears frequently with an antiseptic solution for veterinary use.
  • It is important to prevent excessive moisture, therefore, properly dry your dog's ears after bathing and imp>

This article is purely informative, at we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

If you want to read more articles similar to Ear infection in dogs - Home remediesWe recommend that you enter our section on Home Remedies.

First the First What is otitis?

Before knowing the home remedies for canine otitis, we must understand what this condition is about. Otitis or inflammation of the ear canal can be divided into two. Otitis externa is a chronic inflammation of the external ear canal of the dog. Otitis media, meanwhile, is an inflammation of the dog's middle ear. Both terms are used to describe clinical symptoms and are not themselves the same disease.

The otitis externa It often occurs when there is a change in the normal environment of the ear canal which causes the glands that line the canal to expand and produce excess wax. Gradually, the outer skin (epidermis) and the inner skin (dermis) produce excess fibrous tissue (fibrosis) and the canal narrows. It is usually a secondary symptom of another underlying disease, such as an infection. Otitis externa causes pain, itching and redness, and when the condition is chronic, it often results in a ruptured eardrum and otitis media.

The otitis media It normally occurs as an extension of otitis externa, causing a broken membrane (eardrum) that separates the outer ear and the middle ear. Otitis externa and otitis media affects dogs of any age and breed, but long-eared dogs, such as spaniels and retrievers and dogs with external hair channels, such as terriers and poodles, are more susceptible.

What are the symptoms of Canine Otitis?

The most common symptoms of otitis externa and otitis media are pain, shaking the head, scratches on the outer ear flaps, and a bad smell. In a physical examination performed by a veterinarian, a dog with the condition may have redness and inflammation of the external auditory canal, enlargement of the skin or obstruction of the external auditory canal. Signs such as head tilt, anorexia, lack of coordination, and occasional vomiting may indicate the development of otitis media or internal otitis, if the infection and inflammation spreads to the inner ear.

How can ear infections be prevented?

Before entering the topic of what are home remedies for canine otitis, we must understand that prevention is the most important step when it comes to ear infections, especially in the case of otitis taking into account that this condition may have Several causes In some cases the external auditory canal becomes moist during bathing. This moisture favors the growth of microorganisms in the ear canal. Prevention in these cases can be as simple as cleaning the ear to remove moisture and prevent infection.

However, in many cases the underlying cause may not be so easily identified. Dogs that suffer from allergies, whether environmental, such as pollens (grasses, trees and weeds), dust mites, molds or food (beef, chicken, fish, soy, etc.) are predisposed to infections of the ear. This is due to the microscopic inflammation that allergies cause on the skin, which allows the overgrowth of bacterial organisms that normally inhabit the skin.

We show you some home remedies for canine otitis:

When we notice that our dog is producing a type of pinkish or brownish discharge, it is most likely that a yeast infection is developing. Vinegar has many cleansing properties that are useful in the treatment of otitis.

What we will do:

We will take a container, preferably those that perform dripper functions or have a tip that allows the product to reach the ear. In that container, we will place equal parts of vinegar and water.

What we will do is place a few drops of the mixture in our pet's ear and gently massage. After this, we will take a piece of gauze and gently clean the area to remove the product and the wax.

When otitis occurs with open wounds, applying products such as vinegar can cause great pain and discomfort. In these cases, it is better to clean with oils of natural origin such as olive oil or almond oil. The idea is that the wax is released and it is much easier to remove it.

3.- Natural antibiotic

There is a plant called Pau d'Aroco known in America for its antibiotic properties. Being a natural product, we can use it as part of home remedies for canine otitis.

4.- Salt water

Salt has many disinfectant properties, so we can use it to eliminate several of the causes that can cause canine otitis in addition to other internal parasites. We should not use this if our pet has open wounds in any part of his body.

My dog's ear hurts, what do I do?

A canine otitis begins manifesting with pain and discomfort, so many that sometimes it can cause some blood in the ear and an infection. Do not pour hydrogen peroxide or any antibiotic in drops you have at home, as this will only worsen your situation. All you can and have to do is consult a veterinarian.

What an expert will do is diagnose the reason why your dog has contracted otitis and will give you a series of recommendations so that he will never catch it again. Remember that it is very important to pay attention to it or it will become chronic. He will also prescribe a suitable remedy for him to heal.

Symptoms that my dog ​​has otitis or an ear infection

Your dog doesn't know how to scratch your leg and tell you that something hurts, so you have to know how to recognize his gestures. An otitis can be mild, moderate or severe, which you can intuit depending on how you behave. During the onset of the disease you will see how he tries to lick his ear, that he protests and sobs and even that he moves in circles or that he needs to rub it against your furniture.

If canine otitis progresses, your dog may even lose balance, stagger and even shiver. If this occurs, it will be scared and will be an indication that the matter is serious. In case this happens, visit a specialist urgently, also if you see blood in your ear.

The veterinarian, as we say, will prescribe an ideal medication for him analyzing the causes that have caused otitis and depending on his age, weight, race and possible allergies. This is all you can give him, but there are remedies that you can apply at home to prevent the onset of this canine infection, also to accelerate its healing.

My dog ​​suppurates the ear, what can I do?

The first thing is that you worry about cleaning your ear frequently, but not only when you have otitis, also before. There is a routine that you have to get used to doing on a weekly basis, one that involves brushing your dead hair, cleaning your ears, feeling your belly to check that you have no pain, examining your skin to check that it is not tight and that, therefore , you are not dehydrated and get used to your body temperature, which will help you suspect if you have a fever when the time comes.

The way to cleaning your colleague's ears is very simple: You have to do it carefully and from the inside out. Use a gauze that is not wet and never use swabs. Cover your finger with it and insert it into the sky of your ear with care. So that your ears are neat and do not accumulate mites in it, use a specific soap and use it when you bathe it.

To avoid getting an otitis or to cure it before, you have to worry that whenever you shower it, keep your ears clean and dry, but not only them, but also your entire body. To achieve this we recommend that you use a dryer specially designed for dogs.

You also have to keep your house clean, especially the place where you sleep. In a dirty home, mites accumulate and they can reach your ear and cause an infection. In summary: if your dog shows signs of having an otitis, take it to the veterinarian, use the medication prescribed and learn to clean his hair and ears well. If you do, you will make sure that it will heal sooner. If you have any questions, Our online veterinarians are here to help you.

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