Labrador Retriever dog: characteristics, care, feeding and advice to educate and train this breed


During corrections it is not recommended to call the dog by name so you don't associate it with something negative.
To cut a situation that we don't like, we will use short and sharp terms, such as “Not that”, “Enough” ,»still", etc.
When we reward something we like, if we can use its name.

Example: If our labrador dog is biting the shoes, we will say “not that”And we will remove them, leaving them back in their place so that they learn to respect our mandate without having to hide them. Obviously, while we are present so that it does not destroy us.

When we see that he is about to do it, but in the end he is able to contain himself, we will say, "Very good (name)!"

Basic Labrador Features

The origin of the Labrador is found on the island of Newfoundland, in Canada and was recognized as a breed in 1903. It is a medium-large, muscular and strong dog.

  • Cross height: 56-57 cm
  • Weight: from 25 to 35 kg
  • Size: large dog breeds.
  • Color: black, cinnamon or chocolate color. On rare occasions, gray.
  • Hope of v> Food

The feeding is one of the first cares of our dog and the Labrador, for its characteristics, needs a feeding adapted to its physical and energetic characteristics.

These are the keys to choosing a good feed for your Labrador Retriever dog.

For puppies

As in any breed, when this dog is born it must be about forty days with the mother, who will be the one to feed it with breast milk. From 20 or 25 days we will start using special milk for puppies and porridge little by little, so that weaning is gradual. This same milk will be the one we use in cases of force majeure in which the puppy cannot be breastfed.

From 40 days, the basis of their diet should be already think of puppies, in this case, especially for large breeds. Properly choosing the feed we give our dog is crucial at this stage, since it is the growth and development, so we must choose one with specific nutrients such as calcium, phosphorus or DHA.

In addition, the stomach of the Labradores Retriever is usually delicate, so choose one with ingredients that help your digestion, such as chicken based and if we find a feed that feels good, we must refrain from changing it.

One of the feed we recommend is:

  • Dog food
  • for dogs> 25 kg
  • EUKANUBA food

As for the times you should eat, the recommended thing for a puppy is three times a day, breakfast, lunch and dinner, always at the same time to go marking the feeding routines. After six months, we can feed him a couple of times a day, at breakfast and dinner.

For adults

The feeding hours change when our Labrador arrives a year or a year and a half, since we can start feeding him once a day. However, many dogs of this breed are very greedy, and tend to eat without chewing, which causes choking and vomiting. If this happens to your dog, continue with two meals a day to avoid it.

Again, it is essential to choose a quality feed for large dogs. Keep in mind that this breed is very active, so you need a protein-rich feed. Also, stick to the amounts that the manufacturer marks, since, if not, your dog could gain excess weight.

Some brands offer specific feeds for this breed, including quality proteins for your muscles, L-Carnitine for metabolism and glucosamine chondroitin sulfate for your ligaments and joints, such as this one that we recommend:

  • Dry pet food
  • Food for dog
  • Food from EUKANUBA

If your dog has obesity problems because it is a glutton and does little physical exercise, or after a castration or sterilization operation, after which the dogs can get fat, it is recommended to use a light, or low-calorie feed.

Always consult your veterinarian before making a change to feed of this type but, if recommended, choose feeds with a lower amount of fat and calories, but enriched with nutrients for your complete health.

We recommend you:

For the elderly

As time passes and our Labrador gets older, we must take more care of our dog's food. As the years go by, fatty deposits increase and these dogs will tend to get fat.

That, coupled with a reduction in physical exercise makes this breed can gain weight progressively as the years go by. In addition, your intestine becomes more sensitive so we must opt ​​for an easily digestible feed and, once we find the one that likes and feels good, we must refrain from changing it.

Cereal-free and high-quality protein-free feed can help you digest feed correctly. In addition, choose a feed that, by its ingredients, helps prevent the signs of aging, like this one here:

Health and hygiene

As a general rule, Labradors are not a breed of dog that is prone to disease, although irresponsible breeding has caused some problems to appear. As for their general care, it is an easy breed to maintain. We will indicate the main health and hygiene care that you should take into account.

Basic care

As we have already indicated, Labradors easily get used to family life, although in general they are active dogs and require long walks, exercise and occasionally swimming, since in general they love water. They are playful and do not carry loneliness well, and, being very sociable dogs, they will need to interact with other dogs.

Daily exercise and food care is essential to avoid overweight problems, so it is recommended that you go jogging with him and have toys that encourage him to run.

Fur care

As for hygiene, these dogs need, above all, to take care of their fur, since they lose enough hair. To take care of the condition of your coat, in addition, use a specific shampoo for the bath. Also, if you have any type of skin allergy choose a canine shampoo that soothes your skin. We recommend a specific shampoo for short-haired dogs and, if your dog has an allergy, a specific one, like these from here:

  • MWS
  • Kitchen

  • Especially adapted for dogs that have skin irritations or are sensitive to insect bites
  • It contains marigold, a flower known for its soothing and healing properties and mint
  • This shampoo repairs damaged fur and moisturizes the skin
  • 250 ml content

After each wash, spend a lot of time drying your fur, to avoid bad odors. It is not necessary to bathe your dog very often, and never more than once a month, except spot spots.

As for brushing, this should be every two days because, although its short fur does not form knots, it loses enough hair. The most recommended comb for this dog breed is the Furminator, which manages to reduce the dog's loose hair by up to 90%. For a farmer you have to choose the size L of this comb, this one that we show you here.

  • For 23-41 kg long-haired dogs. ^ 10.2 cm Shedding Edge designed for longer fur lengths of 5 cm. ^ The stainless steel Shedding edge slides below the pet's shallow layer of hair to remove Delicately lower layer and loose and dead hair, ^ Reduces hair shedding by up to 90%
  • better than conventional brushes and combs. ^ The FURejector button cleans and removes loose hair from the tool with ease. ^

Also periodically clean your ears with gauze (never use cotton, as it could remain remains) and specific serum since, having the ears down, they accumulate enough dirt. Cleaning them will prevent them from suffering infections. If you don't know which one to choose, we recommend you:

Dental hygiene

Good dental hygiene eliminates tartar and, in addition to caring for your teeth, prevents halitosis. Ideally, avoid major problems with specific biting toys and snacks, which you can also use as a reward. Some, like these from Dentastix, are specific to achieve fresh breath.

  • Vegetable Protein Extracts coloring constituents Analytical nutrition (%): Proteins: 8.4 Fat content: 1.2 inorganic matter: 5.4 raw fibers: 2.8 Energy: 300 kcal / 100 g per kg Additives: Nutritional additives: Zinc sulfate heptahydrate : 1,045 mg
  • MARS
  • Large fresh Dentastix pedigree
  • Product image for illustrative purposes only. Actual product may vary due to manufacturer changes.

If your dog has a slightly greater scale problems, use dental kits with specific toothbrushes and toothpaste suitable for them although, we warn you, they do not usually like them!

We recommend you choose a kit with brushes of various sizes to get used to, like this:


One of the most basic care of our Labrador is to make sure it is free of internal and external parasites. We can prevent the appearance of fleas and ticks through necklaces and pipettes that we must change periodically. In addition, we must avoid the bite of phlebotom mosquitoes, especially in summer, to avoid Leishmania.

If you do not want to use chemical products, there are natural repellent pipettes that, although they cannot be used in dogs already infested, are effective in preventing external parasites, how are you from Parasital:

  • Mixture of natural essential oils - Parasital Repellent Pipettes will protect your animal from new fleas, ticks or mosquitoes, but will not eliminate an existing infestation. If your animal has fleas or ticks or if they are at home, before using Parasital repellent pipettes you must first apply a treatment suitable for the animal's environment.
  • With a high capacity for REPELLENCE and PERSISTENCE, the PARASITAL range takes care of animals naturally.
  • PARASITAL, thanks to its composition based on natural active ingredients, acts effectively against the eternal enemies of our pets: external parasites. Ticks, fleas, flies and even the mosquito that transmits leismaniosis will cease to be a problem, providing well-being and tranquility to both owners and pets.
  • Use on non-infested animals by applying the contents of the necessary pipettes in the junction area between the neck and back and at the base of the tail, lifting the animal's hair so that the liquid is in contact with the skin.
  • PRECAUTIONS: Keep out of reach of children, wash with soap and water after handling, avoid contact with eyes and mucous membranes.


After 45 days of age, your puppy will start its vaccination schedule, which should be administered by a veterinarian.

During the first year the vaccinations will be at 45 days, at 60-75 days, at three months, and at six months. Finally, the corresponding vaccines will be repeated every year.

Common health problems

Although the labrador is not a dog that suffers from excessive diseases, there are a number of pathologies that this breed is more prone to suffer:

  • Hip dysplasia: hereditary disease that appears in the growth phase. It causes pain and hinders your movement.
  • Elbow dysplasia: also genetic that affects, in this case, the elbow joint.
  • Anterior cruciate ligament rupture: although it is not genetic, the farmer is prone to this pathology by its weight and its movements (especially by the jump and the propulsion).
  • Tail myopathy: for different reasons, the Labrador stops moving his tail. Generally, rest and anti-inflammatories are usually sufficient.
  • Eye problems: such as cataracts or retinal dysplasia.

Walk and games to educate and train this breed

Labradores Retriever are very active, so it will be necessary to take long walks with your dog, play with them and do enough sport. So that these moments are relaxing for both the dog and you, there are a number of aspects that we must take into account.

How to walk a Labrador

There are a number of basic rules that we must teach our dog so that the walks are pleasant, such as attending our call and avoiding pulling on the walks. For education always use rewards and avoid punishment.

When choosing a collar or harness, it will depend on the pulls the dog gives. With the harness he will have more strength, since he will pull with his whole body, with the collar, at first you will notice him more uncomfortable, but generally he will throw less.

In any case, if your dog pulls a lot, it is best to buy a harness and training belt to avoid pulling. In addition to helping you educate him delicately, your shoulders and arms will thank you 😉

Also, remember to bring a portable drinking fountain to give water to your dog when you need it, especially in the summer months.

What toys are best for a labrador

As we have already indicated, the rope games are highly recommended for your teeth, and you usually have them very entertaining during times at home. Also, have balls and other toys on hand that you can recover to use during walks, as they love to run after them and, in addition, they will help you burn their tireless energy.

Another of the most recommended toys are the Kong. These toys help stimulate your intelligence through prizes and, in addition, can be used only in the game, as they bounce unexpectedly. In addition, they are very resistant. You can also offer intelligence games to calm your nerves while at home.

The Labrador dog as a pet

Your dog, whether he lives indoors or in an outside yard, needs his place. It is imperative that you have your corner, with a comfortable bed and large enough for your size.

If you suffer from separation anxiety and it is not good to be alone, a cage, where you put your bed, may be a good option. The goal is not to leave him locked up, but that it becomes a place that he recognizes as safe.

If your dog is going to sleep in the garden, keep in mind that you will need a covered area for the days when the weather does not accompany, like a doghouse, with adequate insulation according to the area where you live.

Remember also to have a feeder and drinker for food. It is important that you always have access to water, especially in the hot months, so that a fountain or drinking fountain with deposit.

As for the feeder, if your Labrador is very greedy and eagerly eats, opt for anti-voracity feeders. Another highly recommended option for large dogs is to opt for dogs with raised feeders.

What should I keep in mind when traveling with a Labrador?

Being a large dog, if the trip is by car, and do not get too stressed, it is best to opt for a seat belt and wear it loose.

If you move a lot, keep in mind the possibility of putting a separating grid that avoids distractions to the driver and, of course, taking into account that you loose enough hair, do not forget a seat protector. In many cases they will also help you prevent the seats from breaking down if you vomit a little or pee.

For transfers in other means of transport, or if your dog gets too stressed, you should take it in a cage or transport. Keep in mind that you must take a suitable one for your size, and do not forget to place a cushion so that your dog is comfortable during the journey.

Extensive information on dog breeds: