The hygiene of our dogs is of the utmost importance to maintain their health as well as helping us prevent certain skin diseases and even what is known as ectoparasites (fleas and ticks). But know how to brush a dog Properly it is not always a simple task.
In addition to helping us keep our hairy clean and healthy, brushing is a great way to establish and strengthen bonds of affection between them and us their favorite humans. Most dogs enjoy a good brushing session, it helps them relax, which is another advantage of getting used to this action.
Every time our dog goes out on one of its walks, dust and dirt particles adhere to its fur, which is why frequent brushing is important to keep it clean.
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What is the importance of brushing our but?
The hygiene of our dog is an important part of his good health. Frequent brushing of your fur does not help keep it clean without the need to bathe them very often, which is something that is not recommended, especially for certain dog breeds.
Brushing our pet will also help us identify if there is an presence of ectoparasites such as fleas or ticks which will allow us to attack their presence as soon as we discover them and thus prevent this from becoming a worse problem.
Learn about ticks in dogs
For most dogs, brushing is a way to receive love from their owner. This action often manages to relax and reassure them and can be used as a way to help in times of stress. In addition to this close action helps to improve the human-pet relationship making that bond even stronger.
Frequent brushing of our dog will help to remove in a controlled way what is known as dead hair that are the hairs that our dog is releasing through the house and that sometimes are so annoying.
How to brush a puppy dog
It is very important that we accustom our puppy to brushing, since depending on the length of its fur as an adult it may be a primary issue for its hygiene.
The earlier we teach the puppy the habit of brushing, the more he will learn to understand that it is not bad and we can teach him to enjoy it as part of the routine.
We must start with a soft bristle brush, especially if our puppy has little hair, the idea is to get used to the action of passing the brush through his body without being scared and without biting, then, progressively, we will introduce the appropriate brushes or combs For your type of fur.
How to brush a short-haired dog
In short-haired dogs such as boxer, dalmatian, sausage, pug and the like, brushing has the function of removing dead fur that is released so you do not need brushes to untangle. In this dogs you should use a kind of soft rubber implements preferably that can be a brush or a glove.
What should be done is first brush the dog in the direction in which the hair grows, then, we will brush it in the opposite direction of what grows to eliminate loose hair as well as dead skin cells. This part of brushing will help to massage the dermis which helps keep your skin and hair healthy. Finally, brush again in the direction in which the hair grows so that you leave it ready and clean.
How to brush a medium-haired dog
The dogs that are considered medium-haired are for example the golden retriever, huskies, German shepherds or cocker spaniels, these breeds have a slightly longer and thicker coat than those with short hair so brushing will have, in addition to the removal Dead hair, the idea of untangling and combing.
To work with these breeds it is recommended to work with a thin and long bristle brush, preferably made of metal and that are close together, these brushes in many places are called rackets.
The way to proceed is exactly the same as in short-haired dogs, we start in favor of hair, then we go against hair and finally back to hair. We must pay special attention to undoing any knot that may be in the fur, being careful not to pull too hard because we can harm our furry.
For very strong knots, we can find other types of items that will help us remove them more easily, you can check in your favorite pet store what are these special brushes to untangle.
How to brush a long-haired dog
Long-haired dogs are for example the Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese or Shit Zu and these types of breeds require a lot of care with respect to their fur. These breeds need to be brushed with a brush that has rounded bristles because in addition to their long fur they have quite delicate skin.
One of the implements that can be used are brushes that have two faces, one with soft bristles and joints or another with more separate metal bristles. The idea is that both sides alternate daily to untangle and also maintain the silkiness of the hair. Another of the implements that can be used are metal combs that will help us untangle the hair. If there are knots, we can use scissors to try to break them before combing so as not to do more damage.
We can use products to untangle in these breeds that are a kind of conditioner for the fur that helps to quickly remove any knot, it is also recommended to comb them with the slightly damp fur and using this type of products to untangle. The way to brush a long-haired dog is always in favor of the way the hair grows.
How to brush a curly-haired dog
Curly-haired dogs such as poodle or Bichon Frize need as much as other long-haired dogs to be brushed to avoid the appearance of knots. The ideal comb for this type of dogs is one that has considerably thicker metal bristles than the previous and more separated examples.
If you want your pet to look like a stuffed animal and the fur looks like a kind of afro, you should comb with a racket while drying your hair with a medium-temperature dryer. This aesthetic brushing should be done in counterbalance to achieve that spongy look.
Brush your dog regularly
The main function of brushing our dog's hair is that of remove dead hair and also dead cells from your dermis. Therefore, a mild daily brushing - 4-5 minutes - is more advisable than a very thorough monthly brushing. It is like brushing your teeth, it is more effective and simple to do it every day, instead of a monthly oral asepsis.
The secondary function of brushing our dog's hair is his hairstyle. In this case, depending on the type of fur of our dog, the method and brushing time will vary according to the length and main characteristics of our pet's coat.
Next I will offer you some simple recommendations so that brushing the dog is a comfortable task for both. We will also work the types of brushes depending on the hair of our pet.
Massage yes, scratches no. By that I mean it's vital rationally use the multiple varieties of combs, brushes and cards that you will find in the market.
You will not necessarily have a satisfactory result with a very expensive tool if you misuse it: a plastic barbed brush with balls on the tips will not hurt the dog if you brush it with too much verve. This type of brush is valid for basic brushing on any type of hair, and sufficient for brushing short-haired dogs if performed frequently.
Your bath and brush session will depend on your race or hair type
Surely if you have a hairy best friend, sometimes you will have detected that famous characteristic smell known as ‘wet dog’. Although dogs should not have a daily hygiene and as thorough as humans, it does not hurt that they receive a bath and brushing session, especially those who live in the city since they can accumulate a lot of dust and pollution in the fur.
How often should I wash my dog?
Whether you have bathed in a muddy field and need a hose so that you do not put the lost house, as if you want to remove the dirt and contamination particles that accumulate in your hair during your walks in the city, the veterinarian Ixone Capataz Colás recommends washing our dog at most once a month. While, among the care of the Affinity Foundation, they say that it is enough with twice a year.
Although Foreman Colás indicates that, in cases in which there are dermatological pathologies -Allergic problems, dermatitis ...-, ‘shampoo therapy’ may be indicated, where washing is more frequent and with products prescribed by a veterinarian as a treatment to eliminate allergens or soothe irritation. Also, going beyond hygiene could also dry your skin and undermine its natural protection, so that certain ailments appeared. In addition, Given Ten CEO and co-founder of Snau, recommends a dry bath every 15 days as an alternative for urban dogs.
What products should I use?
In this sense, it is essential to choose the right shampoo, you should always use specific products that respect the pH of your skin. Never use one for humans, because our pH (between 4.5 and 5.9) is more acidic than that of dogs, which is around 7.5 (basic). When buying an ideal shampoo for your type of coat (coat) we must take into account a series of features such as length, color, hardness or curl.
You should always use specific products that respect the pH of your skin, because ours is more acidic than that of dogs ”
From the Affinity Foundation, they advise that if we bathe them at home, we should be very careful when we lather them, because you should avoid getting shampoos in your eyes and ears as it could cause irritation or even lead to infections.
“First, brush to remove dandruff and knots. Then, moisten the entire mantle from the neck to the tail. Apply the shampoo until you get a homogeneous foam. With a soapy is enough, so you just have to clarify it well so there are no remains left. Sometimes you can also apply a mask, different depending on the type of hair, and give it another rinse, ”says Ten.
However, another option is to take it to a dog groomer. Foreman Colás explains that not only so that he looks pretty and bright, but because in the case of long-haired people it is necessary to maintain a certain care routine, since they can form knots that cause skin lesions, as well as the search and removal of parasites, nail cutting or emptying of the anal glands.
As you should always look for your health and well-being, see if bath time is a pleasant and fun time for your furry or, conversely, it's a stressful event. If it's a bad time for him, try to space the washes as much as possible.
How often should I brush my dog?
The veterinary expert affirms that brushing is a very important form of maintenance in the case of those with long hair. Its frequency can oscillate from daily to at least two or three times a week, with special brushes, much love and care.
On the other hand, if we observe a very pronounced hair loss it can be from one of its normal biannual changes - not pathological - to dietary deficiencies or endocrine problems. So, if you see alopecia, itching or dandruff, go to a specialist to examine your best friend.
In the case of long-haired, keep a certain routine of care to eliminate knots and parasites or prevent skin lesions ”
How to brush shorthaired dogs
In short-haired dogs, the animal will be brushed a few times in the direction of the hair gently to eliminate any type of tangle. Then you will brush it against the counter with a little brio to massage your dermis and eliminate dead skin cells, while activating their blood circulation. Finally you will brush again in the natural direction of your hair so that it is perfectly combed.
How to brush medium-haired dogs
Medium-haired dogs require a comb to untangle the possible knots prior to brushing (always without pulling excessively). Can be metallic or plastic, but always with blunt spikes to avoid scratching the sensitive dermis of our pet.
In this type of coat it is convenient that the bristle of the brush is longer than in the previous point, or that you use a short metal barbed card.
You will proceed in the same way as with short-haired dogs: in favor of hair / counter hair / in favor of hair. Always gently and eliminating any tangle in your coat. The animal should enjoy brushing, not suffer.
How to brush long-haired dogs
In long-haired dogs it is where the material used should be more specific, since the function of brushing our dog's hair will also serve for his hairstyle.
It's very important check that the animal has no knots. In this case it is necessary to remove them previously by means of emptying scissors and a comb, before proceeding to brushing.
It is convenient that in dogs with this type of coat, thorough brushing is practiced with hair slightly moistened with some type of conditioner and then dry completely. The longer the hair of our dog, the longer the bristles of the brush used should be. If you brush it against the counter, do it very gently and by short brushing.
How to brush curly-haired dogs
In curly-haired dogs you will start combing them with a blunt comb to avoid jerks. Said comb should have separate spikes and with blunt tips, that is, without a sharp edge that could hurt your dog. In the market there are countless models. Remove tangles with scissors without making shears. Then proceed to brush it against the hair very gently to prevent the hair from acquiring static electricity and momentarily lose its curl. With the same brush and the same softness comb it in favor of the hair.
The benefits of brushing
The correct conservation of our dog's fur positively result in your health, since you will detect immediately if they suffer the presence of a parasite or wound. If you perform the process of brushing on a towel or cloth for this need, you will more comfortably pick up the resulting fallen hair.
I hope that these brief recommendations for the correct brushing of your dog's hair have been useful to you! Do not forget to subscribe to our newsletter to receive all the information related to dogs.
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Why brush a dog's coat?
The main objective of brushing in dogs is to eliminate hair and dead cells that accumulate in the dermis. It is advisable to carry out this hygiene routine every day (about 5 minutes) in a mild way, and a more complete one (20 minutes) per week or fortnight.
The secondary function when brushing a dog's coat is aesthetics or styling. But the good news is that in the same session you can get everything: that the hairy one looks pretty and is free of dirt and knots.
It is very important to choose the right brush according to the length and amount of hair your pet has. Nor is it necessary to spend a lot of money on this instrument. The most suitable is the one with plastic spikes with balls at the tips, because it does not hurt the animal's skin. For it, You must brush slowly. Remember: massages yes, scratches no.
Steps to brush the dog's hair
Mostly in summer dogs need good brushing to remove dirt and heat. In addition, through this hygiene habit the circulation is activated (with the massage that the brush exerts) and the ties we have with the pet are further strengthened. Pay attention to the steps to brush a dog's fur:
1. Brush before bathing
When the hair is dry, it is less prone to tangles and the animal to suffer. This can cause every time the dog sees the brush hide, want to bite or show teeth. Further, when we brush before bathing we complete the cleaning with the water to remove all dead cells that have "risen" from the skin.
2. The brushing time depends on the hair
Brushing a Dalmatian (short hair), a Cocker Spaniel (medium hair) or an Afghan Greyhound (long hair) is not the same. Each race needs more or less time depending on the length of the coat. But not only that must be taken into account, but also the type of hair: there are curly and straight. At least per day it is recommended to brush 5 minutes.
3. Start from puppy
The best way for the dog to enjoy brushing is to treat this habit as if it were a game.. Of course, when the dogs are small it is easier for them to take everything as fun. That is the right time to start. Over time you will realize that it is common and is part of the routine. And he will love it! Do not forget that canines, like people, are animals of customs.
4. Choose the best brush
You can go to the veterinarian or the pet store to recommend the right brush according to the length and type of hair the dog has. The important thing is that its design is comfortable for you and does not spoil the animal's mantle. Nor should it lead to pulls.
The brushes for short-haired dogs are not the same as for long-haired ones. Prevents the spikes from becoming entangled in the animal's mantle. The rule indicates that the longer the hair, the longer the bristles should be.
5. Place a towel under
While a good amount of hair will get caught between the spikes when brushing a dog's coat, many particles will "fly" throughout the house. If you do not have a garden, terrace or balcony, and you have to do this inside, we recommend that you choose the bathroom or kitchen. In addition, you should put a towel under the dog so that the hairs fall there and it is easier to put them together later.