Differences between the miniature, standard and giant Schnauzer: Which one do I choose as a pet?


  • Height at the cross: from 60 to 70 cm
  • Weight: from 30 to 40 kg
  • Cap: black or salt pepper, hard hair
  • Average life: twelve years
  • Character: brave, faithful, calm, very close to its owners
  • Relationship with children: good
  • Relationship with other dogs: good
  • Aptitudes: excellent guard dog, you can train for defense
  • Space needs: live well indoors on condition of exercising
  • Giant Schnauzer Feeding: from 500 to 700 g. of complete dry food
  • Arrangement: newspaper haircut
  • Maintenance cost: quite high

The characteristics of the breed are easily summarized in one word: strong. He Giant Schnauzer It is strong, in addition to giving such an impression. His bone is robust, his body is large and muscular, and his determination is equally firm. It is an extremely sculptural dog. The males reach an average size of 60 to 70 cm at the withers. His head, strong and square, with his bushy eyebrows and his cramped mustache gives him a somewhat menacing appearance and is certainly a tenacious protector of his family, property and belongings of his master.

I asked some of the world's greatest experts to share their experiences and personal observations with me. One of the best breeders of Giant Schnauzer It's Sylvia Hammarstrom, whose beautiful Skansen kennel is in California. Ms. Hammarstrom has raised more than one thousand champions of this race, among which there are many international champions and more than one hundred Best in Show. This is a record that exceeds what is expected by any breeder, regardless of the race they are dedicated to, their country or the century in which they lived.

When I asked him to describe the essence of this race, he replied: «The mistake would be to consider that it is a dominant, strong and aggressive race. In my opinion it is very intelligent, extremely trainable and can easily become aggressive, although no specimen has been born being aggressive, bad or dangerous. These are traits imbued by man.

Other large breeders nod. Although the Giant Schnauzer He can be fiercely protective, with great courage and tenacity, he should never cause trouble or look for a fight as other Terrier breeds will do. He looks like a tough and muscular athlete, although he behaves like a well-educated gentleman. When you are on your ground and there is a flying disc or a ball to capture, you will relax and behave like a puppy. It is a joy to own one, as it shows incredible elegance and unlimited energy.

As this breed was transformed into a good guard and police dog, it is often thought to be too "acute" to be suitable as a complete family dog. Although it is true that it takes a person with a firm hand and an agile mind (to go one step ahead of the intelligence of the Schnauzer), is ideal for everyone except, perhaps, families with very young children. I would never hurt them intentionally, but it is a large and agile dog that plays with the same enthusiasm that a small Terrier would. When he jumps and turns, he could throw a child to the ground or have a good stir, so it will be better to wait until the age and the physique of the children is at the height of this dog. As Frances Krall (founder of the Jafrak farm located in Surrey, England) states: “The breed is very people-oriented. An eight-week-old puppy fits perfectly with children, and when they grow up together it is a beautiful thing to see.

Sue Cox, owner of the famous Grovelea kennel, has something to say about this breed: «From my point of view, the characteristic of the most notorious behavior is the illusion. You are excited to please, to make small pranks, to greet you when you get home. Basically, he is waiting for the things that life has in store for him. Life is never boring with a Giant Schnauzer by your side! If you want a quiet and relaxed life, then this breed is not right for you ».

Describing the ideal owner for a Giant Schnauzer, Sue says: “It must be a person who loves challenges. You should also have a great sense of humor and unlimited patience while the dog is young. It will be helpful if you can go one step ahead, since the Giant Schnauzer They are always on the lookout. By this I mean that they will not overlook anything I do, so leaving something tasty on the edge of the table and waiting for it to remain there when returning is a lost cause. You may think that you have taken a nap and that you have not noticed, but believe me, the Giant Schnauzer They are opportunists. As soon as he turns around and has the chance, he won't leave a trace. It is also helpful to be as smart as your dog ».

Frances Krall adds: «The Giant Schnauzer They are thieves and eat everything, including all kinds of fruits and vegetables. He smiles wryly and says: "That must be the reason for his good health, his diet is very varied."

As a working dog, he expects to be assigned a task. His attributes are his acute intelligence, his energetic bearing and his indomitable courage. Rare cases of unjustified aggression by this breed are rare. Respond promptly, although it is sensible and not so volatile as to pose a risk to a police officer or a responsible owner who wants to only protect his family. Its size, its dark color and its general appearance offer the impression that it is a powerful animal with which one should get along. Even the dumbest thief is able to predict what he is exposed to if he tries to enter a place guarded by a Giant Schnauzer.

Most dogs do not have the opportunity to develop their talent. Few hunting dogs show the pieces, pick them up and collect them today. As wolves no longer abound, where could a dog in charge of driving them away find work? In some countries, nobred dogs are no longer allowed to chase the pieces to hunt them down, and those in charge of chasing away foxes will have little fun if there are hardly any foxes to chase. Despite the helicopters and SUVs used by current cowboys, grazing breeds are still being used in some countries, although breeds of boyer dogs should consider migrating to Australia if they need work. Fortunately, some breeds have taken a place as therapy and drug detection dogs, and many talented specimens are unsurpassed as heroes in the search and rescue.

In this respect there is a completely new opportunity for the entrepreneurial owner of a Giant Schnauzer. Its layer has a structure that allows it to work under cold or hot conditions. His strong feet can lead him through the roughest terrain, even the rubble found in most places where natural disasters have occurred. Although they don't have the instinct for Bloodhound tracking, the Schnauzer They are endowed with the innate ability to help their human companions. We can see a completely new field offered to owners regarding training and work in various services for these dogs. Mrs. Krall and other entrepreneurial owners have shown that the Giant Schnauzer It is a good choice for Agility tests. This breed has long been a reliable partner to enforce the law and can still find work in this field. One hopes that it will never be necessary again to provide his services as a messenger dog during the war, although he can be sure that he will happily bring his morning newspaper without tearing it apart, and it is known that he will take it and bring him objects when ordered. .

Many owners compete successfully in the obedience test ring, demonstrating that this breed is very trainable and enjoys learning new tasks. He Giant Schnauzer He is serious in his work and nothing frivolous. Frances Krall mentions that: "His stubbornness is a very typical trait." Many owners will nod, but they do not care, in fact it seems that this fits the remarkable perseverance of the breed. He Giant Schnauzer He will strive to learn and gladly accept mental challenges. Although he is less predisposed than other breeds to carry out repetitive routines, such as a good dog that is sighing, but will walk obediently to his side without pulling the leash, he will sit and remain still when asked politely. If we try to force him, it will be when we meet his stubbornness. Mrs. Krall, who is a judge of championship exhibitions, trains some of her dogs for Agility, which consists of a demanding combination of speed, concentration and coordination between presenter and dog. One of his dogs participated in the flyball competition (he bats balls for the dog to take) in the prestigious dog show Crufts.

As Ms. Hammarstrom mentions: "He is a balanced and very intelligent athlete, he is a dog prepared for action, and when he sees him he will see that everything in him is harmony." Certainly, this is one of his many charms. He is harmonious not only in terms of his beautiful physique, but also in his rare ability to play or sit quietly and friendly by his side.

He has an honest character and complete loyalty to his master. As Ms. Hammarstrom emphasizes: “Except when they are very young puppies, they are not particularly friendly with people. They do not invite strangers to approach and caress them. We can approach them with their caregiver, but we should do so with respect. If we do so, the dog will let us know if he does not want us to touch him. He is a very honest dog and never cheats.

Those who understand dogs will appreciate that the Giant Schnauzer Don't be a dog that loves everyone. Select your friends a lot, but once you have accepted him, he will be one of the most reliable and desirable friends. He does not speak or is extremely sociable, he is never a troublemaker in public, he can meet his friends and be a good teammate on a soccer field.

By the way, the owner of the Skansen hatchery, like many successful breeders, is the first to provide her clients with indications about nutrition. When Ms. Hammarstrom says: "Give your dog a bone." (Give your dog a bone), he is not copying Dr. Ian Billinghurst, a famous Australian research scientist and veterinarian, author of a book of the same title. She gives her dogs chicken bones, but only the wings, and only when they are raw, since then the bones are soft and easily digested. Of course, we would also like to know that this food source is healthy and meets all hygiene standards. Dogs love them and it is quite a sight to see her surrounded by a "pack" of anxious Giant Schnauzer They expect me to throw a chicken wing. I also give them to my dogs, and I also add chicken or turkey neck, either cooked or raw. Veal or lamb legs are excellent for the nutrients they provide, in addition to the advantages they provide by biting them and for dentures.

And what about health? He will ask. Like other large breeds, the Giant Schnauzer He sometimes suffers from hip dysplasia, although for his size he shows a lower tendency towards the tensions of development and growth than some of the heavy weights of the canine world. Hip dysplasia (DC) can be detected by x-rays (there is degenerative wear of the joint). DC is similar to early arthritis and can be just as painful. However, many owners are totally surprised when an x-ray detects signs of DC. They claim that their dog is active, that it runs down the stairs, that it jumps inside the car and that it carries out other physical activities that veterinary specialists would describe as “inconsistent” with the DC. As with people, some dogs have a greater tolerance for pain than others and are not worried about what the x-rays say.

There have been promising advances in the treatment of arthritis for people and animals through the use of glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, which are believed to help restore joint lubrication and reduce inflammation. If your dog is diagnosed with DC or a similar orthopedic problem, talk to your veterinarian about these treatments and others, which are not expensive and not invasive.

All breeds, regardless of their size, should be tested to confirm or rule out hypothyroidism, which consists of a deficit of thyroid hormones that results in poor fur, thickening or dry skin, less resistance to disease. , obesity, that the dog look for sources of heat, irritability and / or malaise and lethargy. Again, there is evidence that a diet free of stabilizers and preservatives will reduce the chances of damage to the glands and organs. The thyroid gland is considered very important and, as such, is responsible for many other organs. A blood test is necessary to check thyroid hormone levels and this should be part of the annual checkups.

Annual checkups are perhaps more important for your dog than for you. A canine year equals six or seven human years, so you will age sooner and need veterinary exams more frequently. For any symptoms of illness, such as loss of vigor, incontinence, poor appetite, diarrhea, scabs in the eyes or truffles or apathy that last more than 24 hours, take the veterinarian.

Be sure to examine your dog's teeth thoroughly as they suffer from tooth decay and painful infections that will decrease their appetite. Frequently, puppies whose teeth are coming out will refuse food, although they will bite their shoes or a bone for hours. Examine your mouth, all the way down the throat. He Giant Schnauzer She has a huge mouth and will let her examine her at pleasure.

If you are going to buy a puppy, Sue Cox warns: «Make sure you are allowed to see the mother and have the opportunity to observe the puppies while they play. It has always been believed that it was better to choose the most extroverted, but remember that the calm puppy could be tired from having played before. It is also good to see them while they eat to make sure they have a good appetite. Make sure they have clean, clear eyes, that the truffle does not drip (discharge) and look for possible diarrhea or internal parasites. All of them should have good breath.

It is currently difficult to maintain such a huge dog kennel. Anyway, if you ask you will find breeding sites that produce animals taking into account their morphology, health and good temperament. In addition, they will test the quality of their breeding programs in the ring of dog beauty exhibitions and at work tests.

When you buy your puppy, good breeders will provide you with an agenda of internal deworming and vaccinations and a recommendation for the following. You should obtain the bill of sale, the registration documents in a genealogical book of origins and, if it has been acquired for breeding or for presentation in beauty contests, request the definitive pedigree to register the book of origins following the established procedures, document in which it appears with its titles like champions of beauty, of work, of Agility, etc.

Although large races usually live less than small ones, it is quite possible that the Giant Schnauzer Be with you for ten or more years. Like his recent ancestors Rigo and Rex, some Giant Schnauzer which were the breeding grounds, this breed will retain its strength and virility until well into its old age. If the dog has enjoyed excellent care during his life and has had adequate nutrition, he will die from natural causes and not from illness. He would prefer to die with the same dignity that characterized him in his early years. It is you, and only you, who can guarantee this. When the time comes, let him die without suffering, with dignity and having his friends by his side.

If you want to know more about the Giant Schnauzer We recommend the publication of the publishing house Hispano Europea Schnauzer Gigante Excellence Series:

In mini Schnauzer

This dog is physically same to standard measurement. However, its measures are much smaller. This variety of the breed was created years later, at the end of 19th century in Germany. Its purpose was to create a cross between smaller Schnauzers within those of standard measurement to create a smaller one.

This new stature among dogs would make them better rodent hunters and of small animals, since standard pets were not so easy due to their larger size. The Schnauzer mini has a small body and with a enough musculature. Almost as tall as it is long, it measures between 30 and 35 centimeters and can weigh in between 5 and 8 kilos.

The most common colors are usually the gray and cream or gray and white, although we can also find Schnauzer mini color only black or completely white. Like the standard is a dog very smart, affectionate and sociable. Therefore, if you have a small flat and want a dog that is not very scandalous, the Schnauzer mini will be the best option for you. In addition, due to its small dimensions, you can take it with you everywhere.

The standard Schnauzer

Also known as medium, this is the first variety of the race that existed. Originated in Germany, it is characterized by being a dog strong, with rough and long hair that is normally cut very short in the body and left long in the area of ​​the legs, tail, beard and eyebrows. This haircut was originally a benefit for the hunting, since the animals tended to bite the dog in the area of ​​more hair without realizing that they were not really hurting him.

This tradition has been maintained until today, since the fur of this breed is still being cut in the same way. The colors are the same than in the case of miniature Schnauzers, but those of standard Schnauzer measure are much taller and more robust. His measurements range from 45 and 50 centimeters, both tall and long, and usually weigh between 12 and 20 kilos.

This measure can also live in a city ​​floor, instead of in a large house, but the owner must to be aware That this pet needs a lot of activity. So you should walk it at least three times a day and run it to the park on weekends.

Like the smaller ones, the standard Schnauzer is also very sociable and intelligent, but has a tendency to bark a little more, because the guardians of the house feel. It is entirely up to the owner to make the dog understand that he should not bark so much and, as he will always try to please him, it is likely that he will not bark excessively. The standard Schnauzer measure is usually more disease resistant than the miniature, but in general it is a fairly strong breed.

The giant schnauzer

This is the largest variety of the three Schnauzer sizes that exist. The giant Schnauzer were created specifically for take care of the animals On the farms. Pets of this size have a stronger temperament than the other two smaller ones and they are excellent guardians. In addition to its large proportions, among 60 to 70 centimeters on all fours and between 35 and 40 kilos, they make it an animal that shows more respect to those people or animals that would like to attack the farm.

Today this giant Schnauzer size is Excellent to be a watchdog and need to live in big houses, preferably with garden. This dog so voluptuous in a small flat will not be happy while he would not feel comfortable, nor the owners. This measure, the giant Schnauzer, is also smart and sociable, but you have to be careful because you need time to get used to strangers. How it was devised as a watchdog is very territorial and may be unfriendly at first with other dogs or humans.

Thus, education will be key, but whenever you are with new people or animals and with young children you should be supervised To avoid unforeseen events.

Therefore, before choosing the Schnauzer measure you must take into account what are the dimensions of your home, what do you want the animal for (for example, as a watchdog or life partner in a small flat), the amount of time that you can dedicate to the day with the walks and if you want to be able to take it with you everywhere. Only then will you find your best canine friend and you can be happy both of them covering your needs and giving you all the love and respect as a big family.

Origin of the giant schnauzer

This breed originated in Germany, from his cousin the schnauzer. The German farmers were so impressed with the qualities of the schnauzer that they decided to create a new breed that had the same qualities, but was larger. Size was a necessary quality to handle cattle. There is no record of the crosses made to obtain the giant schnauzer, but it is thought that in this breed there is blood of Great Dane and bouvier des Flandres among others.

With the passage of time, the giant schnauzer demonstrated its qualities as a guard dog and ceased to be a bulldog. With World War II, the race lost popularity, but at the end of the war its population grew again.

Today it is a known breed but not very widespread. Its popularity is moderate and is mainly used as a pet, although it is a breed much appreciated by police forces where it can give free rein to its greatest qualities.

Physical characteristics of the giant schnauzer

According to the FCI standard of the breed, the height at the cross, for both males and females, ranges between 60 and 70 centimeters. On the other hand, the ideal weight, for both males and females, is between 35 and 47 kilograms. The general appearance of this dog is exactly the same as that of the schnauzer, but in a much larger size. It is a dog big, strong and robust, with a height at the cross approximately equal to the length of the body. The back is short and strong, and descends slightly from the cross to the posterior region of the dog. The loin is short and the rump slightly rounded. The chest is moderately wide and deep, reaching the elbows. The flanks are collected in the belly, although not excessively.

The head of the giant schnauzer is very characteristic and has bushy eyebrows. It is strong and elongated, and is approximately half the length of the body, measured from the cross to the base of the tail. The forehead is flat and the occiput is not very marked. The stop, or naso-frontal depression, is well marked under the eyebrows. The snout is straight and shaped like a truncated wedge. It is covered with dense fur that forms whiskers and beards. The lips are black and well attached. The bite should be in scissors. The eyes of this dog are oval, medium and dark. They have a lively expression. The ears, on the other hand, are of high insertion and in the form of "V". Formerly they were cut to meet the breed standard, but fortunately today the standard requires them to be complete, so there is no need to mutilate dogs. Anyway, you can still see giant schnauzer with amputated ears.

The tail must have a saber or sickle shape. Today the FCI breed standard requires that the tail be natural. However, the amputated tail was formerly required, and there are still many dogs of this breed with cut tails. Fortunately this practice is disappearing.

The fur is composed of a bushy lanilla and a hard outer coat well attached to the body. The result is a general hard, wired and bushy coat. This hair forms a beard on the snout and very bushy eyebrows on the eyes, characteristics of the breed. Accepted colors are pure black and "salt and pepper".

Giant Schnauzer Character

Giant schnauzer dogs are temperament stable, very intelligent, loyal, brave and active. They love to play and enjoy outdoor physical activities in a big way. They are usually territorial and reserved, so they can become fighting and aggressive dogs if they are not properly educated. These undesirable characteristics in a pet dog can be very well channeled to convert to riesenschnauzer in one of the best guard and defense dogs.

On the other hand, when they are correctly socialized from puppies, these dogs can get along with others of their kind, with people and with pets of other species. However, it is not expected that they are as sociable as a golden retriever or other similar dog. When they live in the right environment and are properly educated and socialized, giant schnauzer can become exceptional pets. Their temperament allows them to be great companions of dynamic people who enjoy physical activities, as well as families with large children, teenagers and young people. They are not usually the best pets for families with young children, since these dogs enjoy rough games and can become very clumsy with children.

The fur of these dogs is not difficult to maintain, but it demands certain care. Necessary brush it two to three times a week To avoid getting tangled up. In addition, it is important to clean the beard after meals, to remove traces of food that can cause bad odors. And it is also good to take the dogs to the canine hairdresser about three times a year. Anyway, the little effort that demands to take care of this schnauzer's hair is worth it, since the riesenschnauzer He loses very little hair and does not smell as strong as other dogs. Since it is normal to take the giant schnauzer to the dog groomer, it is important to get used to using dog carriers. This way you will feel comfortable and safe when you have to wait locked in a carrier.

When it comes to exercise, this dog needs a lot. To keep him happy it is necessary to take him for a walk about three times a day and allow him to make a good amount of exercise. You also need games and, if possible, with other dogs. Of course, you should only play with dogs that you get along with. Canine sports such as canine freestyle and agility are very good for this breed, as they allow you to release energy in a controlled manner. However, protective dog sports, such as schutzhund, tend to be better because they allow the giant schnauzer to meet its needs for rough play and develop its potential as a defense dog (even if it is only an adorable pet).

Like the schnauzer and the miniature schnauzer, the giant is an independent dog. However, it does not deserve or should be alone for very long periods. Despite its independence, it needs frequent company. This dog is not suitable for living in flats, since its size and dynamism tend to cause problems. However, you can adapt to life in an apartment if you receive many walks and are very well educated. Either way, it is best to live in a house with a garden and spend time both outside and inside.

Giant Schnauzer Education

The giant schnauzer responds well to different styles of canine training, but can be stubborn when treated with excessive punishment. In those cases it rebels or is completely inhibited. Therefore, it is best to train it through positive training, with techniques such as clicker training.

Because of their size and dynamism, these dogs can develop problematic behaviors. They can become destructive if they remain alone for a long time or if they do not receive enough exercise. They can also present problems of aggressiveness when they have not been socialized correctly.

How should the owner and environment of a giant Schnauzer dog be?

She usually gets along well with children, but you should always consider the size of the dog, which can accidentally injure a small child. That is why some breeders prefer that this dog does not go to a home with very young children. It adapts better to the weather, is quite rustic and has a high resistance to work.

If as an owner, you have an appropriate environment and would like to live with a huge dog, defender, powerful and protective of the home, which is always active, you should also know, what you need devote proper attention to educate and train, before taking home a Schnauzer. He will constantly require your care, honey as they enjoy the company and that is why they like to be surrounded by several people. If they are not given enough human warmth or due attention, the Schnauzer will lose his respect and become gloomy, this would become a real problem, because it would be difficult to control it.

Despite this, it is still a very stable dog emotionally, is vigorous and with a high level of activity. It is quite dominant with its owner and relatives. It requires mental and physical stimulation. They learn fast and are excellent in training.

What are the necessary care of a Giant Schnauzer?

When the Giant Schnauzer reaches adolescence, his guardian and dominant character. These qualities must be properly channeled with obedience training. Let's not forget that it is a dog whose learning is fast.

When it comes to aesthetic care, the Giant Schnauzer demands more attention, compared to other races. For this reason, your hair must be constantly taken care of and after each meal your beards should be cleaned. The Giant Schnauzer dog requires a lot of exercise, at least for two hours per day. A bored dog may have bad habits, this should be avoided. You must take good care of your nails and every 8 weeks you should bathe. The haircut for this breed, must be done by a canine expert. Pay special attention to the care of your ears, eyes and teeth.

Giant Schnauzer Health

Like many current dog breeds, the giant schnauzer has a predisposition to certain canine diseases. Among the most frequent health problems in this breed are the cancer, gastric torsion, epilepsy and hip dysplasia. También pueden lastimarse las articulaciones por los saltos y juegos brutos cuando son cachorros, por lo que es bueno evitar juegos muy brutos y saltos altos cuando los perros todavía no están completamente desarrollados.


Este es un perro que necesita hacer mucho ejercicio para que pueda ser feliz y mantenerse sano. Pero no sólo correr, sino también es muy recomendable proporcionarle estímulos mentales, por lo que podemos adquirir juegos interactivos para perros para que pueda, así, aprender trucos nuevos. Lo agradecerá 😉 .

Su carácter es tranquilo, equilibrado, dócil y se siente seguro de sí mismo. También es territorial, pero no es capaz de hacer daño a nadie, si se le educa con respeto y cariño. Puede desconfiar un poco de los desconocidos, pero no hay nada como una golosina para perros para que enseguida se acerque a ellos.

Así pues, si buscas un perro grande que te acompañe a dar largos paseos y que, al llegar a casa, te dé mucho cariño, el Schnauzer gigante es tu raza más recomendable.