When a pet as endearing as a German shepherd puppy arrives at our home, we immediately and naturally turn our affection and affection towards him. All dogs, puppies and adults, they need to feel loved, but German shepherds are a race especially sensitive and receptive to our displays of affection.
They are very intelligent and emotional dogs at the same time. They need to feel full members of a family, a human herd in which they have a place, even if it is the last. However, sometimes our displays of affection are wrong. A clear sign is when we feed our puppy excessively, or with improper food, that despite liking them very much they harm their health.
If you continue reading this Animal Expert article, we will show you the main keys to the feeding a German shepherd puppy.
Newborn German Shepherd>
For a German shepherd to develop in a harmonious and healthy way, it is imperative that he breastfeed from his mother the colostrum, first, and then the rich breast milk. It is convenient that the puppy be fed with breast milk until 6 - 8 weeks of life.
The importance of colostros is caudal, since they contribute to the puppy 90% of their defenses natural. In addition they help the blood to flow properly throughout the puppy's body and its organs are properly oxygenated.
In the event that for any reason the puppy could not be breastfed by his mother, he will never be given cow or goat milk, very poor in relation to the milk of a dog. In this case, the veterinarian will prescribe special infant formula, appropriate for the type of puppy in question and its dose. It will not be exactly the same for a Chihuahua as for a German shepherd, for example, both dogs have different nutritional needs.
Weaned German shepherd
From 3 to 4 weeks, the German shepherd puppy should start trying new flavors, regardless of breast milk. Basically it will consist of licking some kind of porridge or special wet feed for puppies. Later, about 6 - 8 weeks, you will be given between taking and taking breast milk a little dry wetted feed with water.
From the eighth week the German shepherd must be weaned and start feeding totally solid with special types of puppy feed and if they are specific to the breed in particular, much better. The veterinarian should mark the ideal pattern of shots, quantities and types of feed suitable for the German shepherd puppy. Milk should be suppressed from your diet, as it will cause diarrhea. It is vital that puppies are available at all times clean water And enough to drink.
Dry feed will go away reducing hydration with water (or chicken soup without condiments) until the puppy gets used to eating it completely dry.
The usual thing from weaning until 4 months will be for the puppy to eat 4-5 times a day, but with a very important exception: discipline. The puppy should get used to the fact that his ration will remain on the plate for 10 minutes. Enough time to eat it completely. After that time, the dish must be removed, although there are still traces of feed left. In this way the puppy will be educated to be attentive when it is time to eat, and will not be able to mislead if he does not want to stay hungry.
Accepting the order of things will be very important for the intellectual training of the puppy, and subsequently facilitate more complex and demanding training. Feed for the German shepherd puppy should be more caloric, fatty, proteinand with more calcium than feed for adult dogs.
From 4 months
From 4 months to 6 months, the amount of meals will be reduced to 3 times a day. Obviously we will increase the amount, and we will also give it 2 more minutes to eat everything without stress. In feed containers come the convenient quantities for the age and weight of the dog. If in doubt, consult your veterinarian.
Eventually we will mix fresh food (meat, fish or vegetables), with dry feed. These foods should always be cooked, never raw. There should be no splintering bones (chicken and rabbit), nor fish with bones. We will use wet feeds restrictively, since they produce tartar and pestilent feces. Candies on the other hand should only be used as a positive reinforcement for their learning, never as a nutritional supplement.
In no case should we give them leftovers from our food, since salt, sugar and other condiments are very harmful to the health of our dog. In addition, if we did the only thing we would achieve would be to turn our German shepherd into a pedigree dog that would bother us during our meals. Discover in ExpertAnimal the prohibited foods for dogs and avoid them at all costs.
From 6 months
When our German shepherd puppy turns 6 months old, food intake should be reduced to 2 times a day, proportionally increasing the amount and also slightly the time of ingestion.
The veterinarian will give us the correct and specific nutritional guideline for our dog. The fact that it is male or female and the puppy leads a more active life or less, will influence the type of feed and the daily amount.
It will be convenient that after 6 months we give our German shepherd puppy shatterproof bones such as calf's knee, so that it gnaws and teeth and gums are strengthened.
The hygiene of the feeder and drinker
The containers for food and drink of our puppy should be always clean. It is important hygiene so that insects that can produce intestinal parasites to our German shepherd puppy do not come.
If you observe that your puppy does not eat for three consecutive times, take him to the veterinarian. It is likely that you have ingested something that causes some intestinal obstruction or stomach pain. Do not forget that puppies are very sensitive and weak living beings. Letting excessive time pass before the symptoms of illness can be very serious and harmful to your life.
German shepherd puppies should socialize and train from the first day they live with us. They must be obedient and open minded to get them to learn the great flow of things they are trained to do.
All this will be achieved more easily through proper nutrition and exercises consistent with its development. Harmony between exercise, diet and affection They will make us enjoy a healthy, balanced and happy German Shepherd dog.
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Proteins in the diet of a German Sheepdog
Proteins also play a vital role in the growth of your German sheepdog and it is recommended that a German Shepherd dog have a diet with at least 22% protein. It is better for feed with pure proteins to your German sheepdog instead of buying poor-quality dog food that has added corn syrup, a filling that is very harmful to a dog.
The other nutritional requirement for a German shepherd is fat.
Fat comes from protein and gives a dog's food flavoror. However, feeding with food too much fatty will be harmful to the dog's health. While on the other hand, if your German shepherd's diet is low in fat, a lot of skin problems will be created in your dog.
German shepherd eating
The ideal fat content in a dog's diet helps keep his skin healthy. As a German shepherd sheds a lot of skin throughout the year, it is very important that you get the right amount of fat in your food. The fat content recommended by AAFCO for the German Shepherd is 5% -8%.
Individual feeding needs of German shepherds depend on a number of factors, including age, sex, lifestyle and much more.. The feeding requirements for a young dog do not have to match the diet of an adult.
Sometimes younger German shepherds require a high energy diet to keep them active. This is the case of dogs that live both indoors and outdoors. These dogs also require a diet rich in protein to regulate their body temperature.
Food requirements of German Shepherd puppies
The puppies They have the ability to store energy in a seemingly endless way. This means that they need a constant supply of calories - the right types of calories - to keep their energy levels high and help them become happy and healthy adult dogs.
If this is the first time you have a German shepherd puppy, you are probably going to ask yourself some questions about their diet. Feeding a puppy is very different from feeding an adult dog. Younger children need to maintain a regular feeding schedule and their growing bodies require more nutrients from their food than adult dogs.
- How much food should I give my puppy?
- How many times a day should I feed my puppy?
- How much should a puppy eat?
If the proper guidelines are not followed one can simply be supercharged to your puppy or have it lacking in nutrients and minerals vital for its growth.
As a general rule, you can say that you are feeding your puppy excessively if he cannot see or feel his rib cage.
While, for humans, this is considered a sign of malnutrition, it is actually a guide that you can use to help find out if your puppy is getting enough calories from his diet.
Maintain healthy skin and fur
Since it is a field breed, the German Shepherd's double-layer fur helps protect the offspring from external agents. The last layer of hair can be smooth or slightly wavy. This comes off throughout the year although it is more abundant in spring and autumn, when all your coat changes. Regular brushing can help you maintain control of excessive hair loss.
Although it is not easy to know the reasons for excessive hair loss, it is very likely that if the hair has a different texture or if your dog scratches excessively, the diet may be responsible. The natural fat and oils that come from your diet is what helps your skin and your coat to be clean and healthy.
Dogs with a very low fat diet often have many skin problems. Choose foods rich in omega and vitamin E fatty acids to help maintain the quality and health of the fur.
How much food should I give my German shepherd puppy? How often should I feed my puppy?
Young puppies need to eat 3-4 times a day in small quantities.
If necessary, you can divide the food into two larger meals, but make sure you're not feeding them so much that they start to vomit. Puppies will not necessarily regulate, so it is easy for them to eat until they are full and then vomit, you have to regulate the amounts for them.
German shepherd feeding
German shepherd puppy food is very different from adult dog food. Feed and dog food manufacturers put more emphasis on the various nutrients that puppies need while they are developing their internal, muscular, and skeletal systems. Once the puppies become adult dogs, their nutritional needs change, which means that they should only feed the dog puppies with food created specifically for them and gradually change to food intended for the diet of an adult dog.
Potential health risks related to food
The German Shepherd has an average life expectancy of 10 to 13 years. They are prone to certain health problems such as allergies, Cushing's disease, hyperthyroidism or epilepsy. Because it is a large breed, arthritis and hip dysplasia are also common.
These two diseases cannot be prevented or cured, but they can be managed through a diet with adequate levels of glucosamine and chondroitin. They can also be enhanced by weight gain. In fact, with just a few kilos of overweight the German Shepherd can suffer joint diseases and experience greater discomfort. Therefore It is important that you always control your caloric intake.
Things to keep in mind
The specific needs of each German Shepherd vary depending on their age, level of physical activity and their health. In general, the breed requires a diet high in proteins and vitamins A, D, E and K. To absorb these nutrients also requires healthy fats such as Omega-3 and Omega-6. Because it is considered a large breed, This dog's diet should favor his joint health so that he does not suffer from joint problems throughout his life.
German Shepherd dog feeding guidelines
It is important that German shepherd owners know the amount of food their dog requires daily. Feeding too much or too little can cause health problems in your dog. If you provide a diet with excess fat to your puppy, it is more likely to develop hip dyslexia.
With a balanced diet one can ensure that the dog properly develops its internal systems and maintains its energy levels.
Your German Shepherd will grow rapidly during its first 12 months of life, so it is necessary to increase the amount of food in your diet as it grows. Ensuring that the dog's puppy receives the right amount in its nutrition, and in the right proportions is essential for the development of a healthy adult German shepherd.
Until 6 weeks
At 6 weeks of age, you should ensure that your puppy is receiving the same level of nutrition they were receiving from breast milk.
Ideally at this early age, a puppy should be breastfeeding for his mother, because it is difficult to replace the necessary micro and macronutrients with food, along with the natural antibodies found in breast milk.
6 to 10 weeks
Between 8 and 10 weeks, you can start to wean them from their mother, and start increasing the amount of food for puppy dogs that you are giving them.
It is better to start with a wet food diet, to help your body adapt to the transition. Wet foods contain about 85% moisture, which prepares your digestive system for all the food we will give you in the coming weeks.
10 to 12 weeks
At 12 weeks of age, you can begin the transition from wet food to dry food. You want to transition in small steps, to avoid causing excessive diarrhea or vomiting.
To start, mix 10% of dry foods in the wet food you are giving, and then increase them by 10-15% each week.
3 to 4 months
At 4 months of age, you can start introducing more products in your diet. Ingredients such as bones, pieces of liver and raw eggs are beneficial to help your dog assimilate the nutrients that may be missing in his dry dog food. Avoid giving them too much of this type of food.
Or if we prefer to use dog feed, we must make sure to choose one of high quality that is nutritious, digestible and highly assimilable, in this way we will ensure that you will have all the nutrients you need for proper growth. NFNatcane Puppy Gourmet can be a good example, since it uses high quality, varied ingredients and incorporates fruits and vegetables.
The importance of feeding a German shepherd puppy
In the first months of life a dog and more one of the characteristics (body, strength and intelligence) of German shepherd, needs specific nutrients to grow healthy and develop muscles and bones properly. The most suitable food at this stage is undoubtedly the breastmilk. However, sometimes it can happen that the mother, for different reasons, cannot or does not want to breastfeed German shepherd puppy.
In this sense, we must be able to handle the situation by finding effective and fast alternatives. So let's see below Useful tips on how to feed a German shepherd puppy. Obviously, the following tips are only general indications, therefore, for any doubt, it is strongly recommended to consult the vet.
Give a quality feed
The German shepherd, like all dogs, is an animal carnivorous, that is, that its source of protein comes from the meat of another animal. This is very important to know, since today most food for dogs carries a significant amount of cereals, which the dog not only does not need but can also cause food allergies by not being able to digest them well.
To avoid problems, it is highly recommended to give or I think of high quality such as Acana, Orijen, Applaws, Taste of the Wild, Alpha Spirit or True Instinct, or give it a much more natural food such as the Yum Diet, Naku, or the Barf Diet.
Administer milk to a newborn German shepherd
If you have a German shepherd puppy and his mother does not breastfeed him, we can do it using a bottle with a small liner. The amount of milk to be administered must be equal. to 1/5 of the weight of the newborn, to reach half in the third week. The most suitable milk during this phase is that of cattle, but since it is poor in sugars, proteins and fats, it will be necessary to integrate it with other elements.
Make sure you eat the amount you need
If you give it to me, this will be easy for you to do, since the recommended amount will be indicated in the bagHowever, if you give Barf the amount to be given will be the following:
- Until 3 months, you have to give the food equivalent to 8% of its weight.
- From 4 to 6 months, the equivalent of 6% of its weight.
- From 7 months onwards, the equivalent of 3-4% of its weight.
But it is important that you know that this should be taken as an orientation guide. If your puppy is hungry, give it until it's satiated otherwise I could start losing weight.
With these tips, your little hairy will grow healthy and strong 🙂.
Adequate food for a German shepherd puppy
Food for a German shepherd puppy, however, should be prepared in this way:
- First you must mix the necessary amount of whole milk with liquid cream, The proportions must be 3 to 1.
- Now it is necessary add a whole egg, and not just the egg white, and three drops of vitamin A and D preparation and the same amount of liver oil.
- Such a small puppy needs eatoften, approximately once every two hours of the day Y once every four overnight.
- However, it is advisable get him used to sleep all night to avoid problems when I grow up.
Watch how the food feels
It is good to remember that as soon as you have finished eating, the dog usually evacuates. If this does not happen, it is well gently massage your back, like his "natural" mother. If instead there are problems of diarrhea, it will be essential to intervene decreasing the amount of milk or mixing it with carrot water. It is good not to force the puppy to eat: If you do not ask for food, it is because you are not hungry and can cause indigestion.
When the fourth week of life, it will be important to start the real weaning phase. Before giving the German shepherd puppy normal meals (for which he must wait until his teeth grow), it is good change your diet by adding meat broth, to mix it with water or milk. A weaned puppy should be fed with Meals with half meat and the other half with flour derivatives such as bread and pasta. In addition, throughout the period of growth it is necessary to continue administering vitamins, essential for proper development. In this way, your German shepherd puppy will have all the essential foods and nutrients available to grow healthy and strong.
Start with solid foods when you have teeth
Your German shepherd puppy will start to have teeth from the fourth week of life, fair when the already explained phase of weaning begins. Follow the steps indicated for feeding in this phase, but as soon as you see that you can already chew solid, you should start Enter your feed or start with natural food.
If you choose to feed your german shepherd puppy with I think, You will have to buy one for puppies suitable for the German shepherd race. If instead you decide to feed him with natural foods you have to ensure a balanced diet with5-20 grams of raw meat and 5 grams of vegetables or whole grain cereal per day per kilogram of the dog's weight. If you have doubts about portions, you should consult your vet of trust
Between 4 and 5 Months
At 5 months of age, your puppy will have become accustomed to his new dry food, along with the food ingredients that you have begun to give him.
You can also reduce the frequency with which you are feeding it, by providing a meal in the morning and one in the afternoon or at night.
6 month German Shepherd
At 6 months of age, you can start introducing other ingredients into your puppy's diet.
Ingredients such as crushed animal bones, chopped liver pieces and raw eggs are vital to help your puppy develop natural immunities and provide him with nutrients that he will not get from his dry food diet.
6 to 8 months
At 8 months of age, you can begin to eliminate the diet of food strictly for puppy.
Once again, you should avoid abrupt changes in your diet, and instead combine 10% of your new food with 90% of your previous meal, and increase the proportions by 10% each week until the diet is completely changed With food for adult dogs.
Not all dog breeds are the same and German Shepherds require different levels of nutrition when they are growing.
1 year old German shepherd
At the age of 1 year, you will begin to notice that your dog is actually eating less food than when they were younger. This is because your metabolism is beginning to decrease.
You can start limiting the number of times you feed it once a day. And if you leave food in your feeder, you can reduce the amount you are giving.
The quality of the food we give will largely determine your health and longevity, so it is highly recommended to use a diet made from natural products and with a large amount of nutrients of high biological value, such as what for example offers the company NAKU. This is real food in dehydrated format (suitable for humans), where we can find ranges for dogs with more or less physical activity, with meat or fish, etc ... You can see its ranges and composition from its website: Zaunk.com
Water is extremely important for our German sheepdog
When we talk about the feeding of our German shepherd we are often just thinking about the solid foods we provide to our dog. While food is an important part of the diet and nutrition of our German sheepdog, It is also important that the dog drinks enough water daily.
Like us, 70% of a dog's body weight is water and, therefore, it is vital for the dog's different biological systems to function properly.
One of the cases where you can have more problems with water for our pet is in travel. We should not assume that the tap water we can find will be good for our pet dogs. Whenever you can, be sure to bring some water that you normally consume and you can avoid digestive disorders.